Volume 3, Issue 1 (Spring 2019)                   Archeology 2019, 3(1): 89-104 | Back to browse issues page

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Yaghmaie I. Sang-i Sīāh; a Palace that No Longer Exists: Excavation at the Achaemenid Palace of Sang-i Sīāh; Daštestān-Bushehr. Archeology. 2019; 3 (1) :89-104
URL: http://archj.richt.ir/article-10-304-en.html
Cultural Heritage Organization
Abstract:   (1624 Views)
known. In 1971, while constructing water transport pipelines from the Dālakī River to the city of Bushehr, several column bases were unearthed amidst the date palm orchards located north of Borazjan. Subsequent to the accidental discovery of the column bases, the Iranian Center for Archaeological Research (ICAR) conducted archaeological salvage excavations at the site under the direction of Ali-Akbar Kārgar Sarfarāz. For almost three weeks, he and the present author, as a team member, investigated Charkhāb where the column bases were discovered. According to Sarfarāz, this monument is an uncompleted palace dating back to the time of Cyrus. Through the assistance of David Stronach, he dated the palace to 529 BC. While excavations at the Charkhāb palace were in progress, the expedition was informed by the locals of the palaces of Sang-i Sīāh and Bardak Sīāh located on the other side of the Dālakī River, close to the village of Jatūt. Excavations at Charkhāb revealed that this site is neither a large palace nor a vast settlement. It is merely an abode like Jenjān that was completely plundered and devastated by the troops of Alexander. Also, the seasonal floods destroyed the remaining parts of the very same ruins which once survived from Alexander's troops. Findings from the excavations in the Sang-i Sīāh palace are as follows: a central hall, four porticos surrounded four sides of the hall and four doors that connect the hall to the porticos. At the first glance, the Sang-i Sīāh palace resembles Cyrus’ Audience Palace in Pasargadae. The structural features of these two Achaemenid constructions are identical. Although the entire palace has not been yet excavated and nine tenth of the building left untouched beneath the ground, one can work on its dating and resemblance. We rightfully know that one of the characteristic features of the Achaemenid buildings is that they are symmetric in design. This fact allows us to reconstruct the unearthed part of the building with high degree of certainty. This paper attempts to explain how this palace was discovered and examines the results of archaeological excavations at the Achaemenid palace in Sang-i Sīāh. 

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Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Cultural property
Received: 2020/07/4 | Accepted: 2019/03/30 | Published: 2019/03/30

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